Research shows that using elementary poetry as part of a balanced literacy approach can produce significant gains in reading. Here are tips and lesson plans that work!
Ready to get kids reading? Reading poetry aloud has been shown to make significant gains in students' oral reading fluency.
Also, discussing the meaning of a text (poems) and providing avenues for students to respond to it is one of the most important ways of developing thoughtful literacy and metacognition (Allington, R.L. What Really Matters for Struggling Readers).
But you have to choose carefully and keep the experience fun for the students.
If they begin to love it and look forward to your lessons, they will be open to learning and that is when you will see the biggest gains.
1. Introduce the Poem
Always introduce the lesson by reading a poem aloud to the students - let them hear the text first and be drawn into it! Do not let them see the poem yet - just listen.
Do everything you can to make if a lively reading, using good
read aloud techniques. Modeling prepares the students for the reading
fluency activities to follow, as well as the comprehension piece later
in the week.
2. Show the Poem and Scoop It
Display the poem on the SmartBoard (or you can use a transparency on an overhead). Read it again, using the same intonation and expression, along with actions if appropriate.
After the second reading, scoop the poem together (usually as an
echo reading), and clarify any unknown vocabulary words that are
essential to the meaning of the poem.
"Scooping" refers to how we read in phrases, not short words.
3-4 words is a scoop. Give a visual representation of a scoop by using
your finger to scoop up the words as you read them out loud. Do an echo
read after each scoop (the children repeat what you just read).
This is essential when teaching reading with elementary poetry. It
provides modeling, a lot of support and opportunities to scaffold instruction. You are showing the children
what it sounds like to be fluent, they have the security of reading with
others and it provides a way to re-read the text.
3. Hand out copies of the poem and break your students into small groups for reading poetry aloud
Keep the groups to no more than 4-5 students. If you go too large, the less fluent readers will be lost amongst the stronger ones, instead of being adequately supported. They will give up and not try, so keep it small and less intimidating.
Give specific instructions for how to practice in a group:
students must scoop the phrases, use the expression and intonation you
modeled and stay on task.
4. Perform the poem in small groups
Reading poetry aloud is my students' highlight of the lesson. They love to get up as a small group to perform elementary poetry.
Realize that they will mimic you and whatever your actions and
intonations were with the poem. That is a good thing as that means you
modeled well (hopefully!) and they feel that it is valid support to rely
on and copy from.
Some students will get very creative and put their own
expressions and intonations into the poem - that's great because they
are applying the meaning of the poem in a way that is applicable to them
(reading comprehension!). Support their efforts and encourage this.
This is resulting in many repeated readings. The students will
feel confident enough to revisit this poem independently throughout the
week and with a buddy. They will be taking charge of their own learning
without even realizing it!
5. Reading Poetry Journals
Each child should have an elementary poetry journal. This is a composition book that will contain any elementary poetry you read as a class or poems that the students have found during their Independent or Buddy Reading time.
Have the students glue the poem on one page and illustrate it on
the page beside it. The illustration could show the setting, problem,
solution and/or characters. This is part of best reading comprehension
Discuss the story elements before they illustrate so they know
what you are expecting. Tell them what you want - it is not a lesson on
guessing what the teacher is asking for. To guide you, use the summary of a story chart.
You should also have an assessment rubric to guide and self-assess their work. This is not a rubric for how well a student draws, but for the quality of work you expect.
6. Reading Comprehension and Word Work
This reading comprehension lesson most likely occurs on a following day.
First do a choral reading with the students to scaffold the
lesson on the previous one(s). Hand out another copy of the poem along
with comprehension and word work questions.
|Chubby Snowman||Five Fat Turkeys|
|Five Little Pumpkins||The Cheese Moon|
|The Continent Song||Albuquerque Turkey|
These poems are from Teachable Poems for Fluency and Comprehension
This is over 100 pages of elementary poetry and accompanying fluency, accuracy, comprehension and vocabulary work. The samples are from the three different ebooks. They are available by season (fall, winter and spring), or for a reduced price as one larger ebook for the entire year.
Try using the poems the way I described above. Give it a few weeks and I bet even your lowest readers will start to make gains!
This is an instant download ebook that is not available in hard copy. Your download link will be sent to you from eJunkie - where ebooks are kept safe on the web!
Tip: Many schools filter their emails to prevent downloads of large files. Our recommendation is to use a different email address to ensure you get your ebook immediately.